Arizona Battery for Reading and Spelling (ABRS)Cactus

      Beeson, P.M. & Rising, K. (2010)

This 100-item list can be used to test single-word reading and spelling.

       - 80 words (40 regularly spelled; 40 irregular)

       - 20 nonwords

ABRS Reading List 1 [pdf]

ABRS Reading List 2 [pdf]

ABRS Spelling List 1 [pdf]

ABRS Spelling List 2 [pdf]

ABRS Nonwords Read and Spell [pdf]

Performance on the Arizona Battery for Reading and Spelling by a cohort of healthy adults (n = 34).  Mean age = 62 yrs (sd = 11); Mean education = 15 yrs. (sd = 2.8).

Assessment Materials

Relevant Literature regarding performance on the ABRS:


Rapcsak, S.Z. & Beeson, P.M. (2004). The role of left posterior inferior temporal cortex in spelling. Neurology, 62, 2221-2229.

Henry, M.L, Beeson, P.M., Stark, A.J., & Rapcsak, S.Z. (2007). The role of left perisylvian cortical regions in spelling. Brain and Language, 100, 44-52.

Rapcsak, S.Z., Henry, M.L., Teague, S., Carnahan, S.D., & Beeson, P.M. (2007). Do dual-route models accurately predict reading and spelling performance in individuals with acquired alexia and agraphia?  Neuropsychologia, 45, 2519-2524.

Rapcsak, S.Z., Beeson, P.M., Henry, M.L., Leyden, A., Kim, E., Rising, K., Andersen, S. Cho, H. (2009). Phonological dyslexia and dysgraphia: cognitive mechanisms and neural substrates. Cortex, 45, 575-591.

Beeson, P.M., Rising, K., Kim, E. & Rapcsak, S.Z. (2010). A treatment sequence for phonological alexia/agraphia. Journal of Speech, Language, Hearing Research 53, 450-468.

Arizona Semantic Test

40-item test of semantic relations (picture-matching task)

shapeimageArizona Semantic Test [pdf]

Arizona Semantic Test [ ppt ]

Arizona Semantic Test Scoresheet [ pdf ]